From Football to Oil Rigs: Risk Assessment for Combined Cyber and Physical Attacks

Adapting Policy Analysis for Uncertain Futures

By: Fred S. Roberts

March 20, 2019

Click here for the Working Paper Series 

Download the working paper (PDF)


This paper calls for a new approach to risk assessment for combined cyber and physical attacks, one that is basically qualitative to start with. In this paper, we develop some sample scenarios of combined cyber and physical attacks on sports and entertainment venues and the maritime transportation system. We then sketch out an approach to risk assessment for such attacks, and apply it to the example scenarios we describe.

Continue reading (PDF)